The Atlantic Forest lost almost all of its original coverage throughout the history of Brazil. Today there remain 8.5% of forest remnants over 100 hectares of what originally existed. Summed up all fragments of native forest above 3 hectares, we currently have 12.5%.
As envisaged in the Law of the Atlantic Forest (Law 11.428 / 2006, regulated by Decree 6660/2008) addresses the use and protection of its native vegetation, municipalities must play their part in protecting this important forest through planning instruments. The main one is the Municipal Plan for the Conservation and Recovery of the Atlantic Forest (PMMA), which gathers and regulates the elements necessary for the protection, conservation, recovery and sustainable use of the Atlantic Forest. The preparation and implementation of the PMMA should be carried out in each municipality of this Biome by the Municipalities and Environment Councils.
The objective of the Plan is to identify priority actions and areas for the conservation, management, control and recovery of native vegetation and biodiversity of the Atlantic Forest, based on the mapping of existing remnants. Other actions directly derived from the Plan are the sustainable use of natural resources, promotion of environmental education, integrated management of solid waste, ecotourism, biodiversity conservation and scientific research. It will also be able to provide environmental subsidies for the maintenance of the Biosphere Reserve and for other plans and action programs, such as the public policies derived from the Municipal Sanitation Plan, the Hydrographic Basin Plan and the Municipal Development Plan Rural Sustainable and Solidarity.
Ekos Brasil supports the prefectures in the elaboration of the Municipal Plans of the Atlantic Forest.